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Lyme Disease – Important Facts

Let's say it in English
Carmen Lobitz
Title picture of the expert article with important facts on Lyme disease
© diy13,stock.adobe.com
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The temperatures are rising, and so it’s “tick season” again, like every year from spring to autumn. That said, tick bites can also occur in winter and infections with Borrelia are possible but rare. Every year, between 60,000 and 200,000 people in Germany are infected with Lyme disease.

What is Lyme disease?

Lyme disease or Lyme borreliosis is named after the town of Lyme in Connecticut, USA, where the disease was first associated with tick bites in the 1970s. In Europe, Lyme borreliosis is the most common tick-borne infectious disease. It is transmitted by the common wood tick (Ixodes ricinus). In 1981, bacteriologist Willy Burgdorfer discovered the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. It is transmitted from ticks to humans when they feed on blood from humans. Borrelia are mobile, spiral-shaped bacteria. So far, six subspecies are known: B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. afzelii, B. garinii, B. bavariensis, B. spielmanii and B. mayonii. In Europe, all subspecies are found except B. mayonii.

Where do infected ticks most frequently occur?

Ticks infected with Borrelia are…

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