In pigs it causes a relatively mild disease, but nearly 300 human cases were reported with over 100 deaths. The outbreak among humans occurred also between 1998 and 1999 and appeared to be encephalitis and a respiratory illness. The outbreak was contained in Malaysia and Singapore and no further cases have been reported since then in this region. However, in 2001 an outbreak occurred in Bangladesh and Siliguri, India. In India nosocomial transmissions were in hospital settings reported. Since 2001 several outbreaks of NiV have been reported in Bangladesh and India.
And the virus itself?
The name Nipah Virus comes from Sungai Nipah, a village in the Malaysian Peninsula. In this village, the pig farmers became ill with encephalitis. The local fruit bats (genus Pteropus) were identified as…